The Medical Center Cancer Committee selected Lung Cancer Screening as the primary cancer screening to help reduce mortality. In Kentucky, the number of new cases of cancer for lung and bronchus was 4,560 in 2013. The estimated number of deaths from lung cancer was 3,510. According to ACS Cancer Facts and Figures, the number of deaths from lung cancer outranks any other type of cancer. The National Lung Screening trial reported 20% less deaths from heavy smokers or formers smokers who were screened by using the low-dose or spiral CT. (ACS Cancer Facts and Figures 2013)
The Medical Center offered a low cost lung cancer screening for high risk individuals using the low-dose CT scan. To be eligible for the screening a person must be between 55 and 77 years old, have a history of heavy smoking (at least pack of cigarettes per day for 30 years) who has quit in the past 15 years or who currently smokes. This screening is scheduled through diagnostics and must have a physician’s referral.
The cancer committee measured how many screenings were conducted in 2014 and patients that have positive findings will be tracked. There were 61 screenings completed from November 2013 through December 2014. Negative scans were reported for 47 patients with no sign of malignancy. There were 12 scan results that revealed suspicious findings and were indicated for follow-up scans ranging from three months to one year.