The Medical Center employs the latest technologies for the diagnosis of stroke and other diseases of the neurological system.
EEG and Video EEG
EEG and Video EEG (electroencephalogram) are used for the diagnosis and treatment of seizures. Electrical signals of the brain are recorded while a digital video recording captures facial and other involuntary movements that may correlate with seizure activity noted by the electrical brain wave recording. A neurologist will review the EEG and video recording for abnormalities which may indicate diseases of the nervous system such as epilepsy.
EMG and Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) are used for the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. An EMG records electrical activity in the muscles and help detect muscle weakness due to nerve damage. In additional to peripheral nerve damage, abnormal muscle activity could indicate many diseases and conditions like muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), disc herniation and more.
CT (computed tomography) is the gold standard in stroke detection. A CT scan can help determine the cause and extent of damage to the neurological system. A CT scan can detect if there is bleeding in the brain which help determine if clot-busting drugs like tPA can be administered or if another course of action should be taken.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is used to detect changes that occur after a stroke. MRI is also used to differentiate strokes from other diseases such as brain tumors.
Angiography is a diagnostic tool to help locate blockages in the vascular system and to assist vascular surgeons during carotid artery stent placement.